World demand for dyes and natural pigments to the touch $10.6 billion in 2008
In line with a research on dyes & natural pigments, the worldwide demand for natural colourants (dyes and natural pigments) is projected to extend at $10.6 billion in 2008 type 4.9 per cent yearly in 2003.
Usually, the dyestuff business contains three sub-segments, particularly dyes, pigment and intermediates. The dye intermediates are petroleum downstream merchandise that are additional processed into completed dyes and pigments. These are necessary sources in main industries like textiles, plastics, paints, paper and printing inks, leather-based, packaging sector and so on.
Main gamers in dyes
Textile dyes have been used because the Bronze Age. In addition they represent a prototype Twenty first-century specialty chemical substances market. Three massive producers particularly DyStar, Ciba Specialty Chemical substances and Clariant are leaders within the dyes market. The most important, DyStar, was established in a collection of mergers of a few of Europe’s main textile dye companies within the Nineties. Worldwide extra capability and worth burden, fueled by the speedy progress of Asian producers, have shifted most dyestuff chemistries into commodities. Regulatory obstacles have practically stopped the progress of the opening of basically new dyestuffs. Regardless of this DyStar, Ciba Specialty Chemical substances and Clariant have grown over the previous 10 years with modern merchandise and new chemistry is being set to endure reactive and dispersant dyes in addition to in older dyestuffs equivalent to sulfur dyes.
In 2001 the most important particular person firm market shares in colourant manufacturing have been DyStar (23%), Ciba (14%), Clariant (7%), Yorkshire Group (5%), Japanese (5%) and different conventional teams (3%)., and numerous dyestuff producers comprise the biggest group at 43%.
The one method to progress and to maintain Asian bulk dyestuff producers at bay, they are saying, comes straight out of specialty chemical substances technique to tell apart product choices by means of collaborative work with clients and cost a premium worth for explicit merchandise that provides an ideal answer. That is an efficient methodology, offered that these suppliers produce in China, India, Pakistan, and Brazil in addition to within the U.S. and Europe, and that many of the textile producers purpose to take care of uniform high quality and product efficiency throughout worldwide.
Europe is dealing with the issue of overcapacity of about 30 to 40 per cent available in the market from Asia, particularly China. However, specialists consider, Asian producers manufacture a restricted variety of low-cost, fundamental dyestuffs. Most of specialists of this subject consider that progress lies in innovation and differentiation. Although, of the 180,000-ton-per-year worldwide marketplace for dispersed dyes, specialty dyes consist solely about 5,000 tons.
DyStar is a serious producer of reactive dyes, which have been developed 50 years in the past at ICI. DyStar was not too long ago bought by Platinum Fairness, is made up of the dyes enterprise of the unique ICI, in addition to these of Bayer, BASF and Hoechst. DyStar has developed deep-shade dyes for polyesters. New chemistries are rising for controlling staining from azo and anthraquinone dyes, together with thiophene-based azo dyes. DyStar has additionally developed benzodifuranone dyes for heavy crimson shades. It modified azo dyes to maintain up their efficiency when utilized with the brand new detergents. The corporate additionally arrange secrecy agreements with the main detergent producers to check new detergent chemistry and do the required dye reformulation proactively. It has added the variety of reactive teams in its fluoroaromatic Levafix CA reactive dyes. The corporate has additionally been performing on strengthening the chromophore or shade element of the dye for improved lightfastness.
Not too long ago, DyStar has made new crimson dye for cellulosic fibers, Indanthren Deep Crimson C-FR Plus, is a brand new speciality dye for medium to heavy shades of crimson and Bordeaux, appropriate for the coloration of cellulosics on steady and yarn dyeing models in addition to cellulosic/polyamide blends. DyStar Textilfarben GmbH has additionally launched the traditional chilly pad batch dyeing course of (cpb). Key developments in chilly pad batch know-how have been began in 1957 and are nonetheless ongoing:
-Improvement of dosing pumps (Hoechst)
– Introduction of sodium silicate as a fixing alkali (Hoechst)
– Improvement of microwave and oven lab fixation methodology (Hoechst)
– Mathematical willpower of pad liquor stability beneath sensible situations (Hoechst) —
Optidye CR (DyStar)
– Improvement of silicate free alkali techniques (DyStar)
The dyestuffs business of China
Within the first half of 2005, China gained a progress of 4 per cent in dyes and 11 per cent in natural pigment output. A report said that China’s demand for dyes and pigments is anticipated to extend at 12 per cent yearly by 2008 and output of dyes and pigments will rise by 13 per cent yearly by 2008.
In line with statistics, in 2004, the manufacturing quantity of dyeing stuffs and pigments in China reached 598,300 tons and 143,600 tons, an increment of 10.4 per cent and 13.3 per cent over that of the earlier yr. The whole imports and exports of dyeing stuffs and pigments have been projected to be 291,200 tons and 138,800 tons; a rise of 10.64 per cent and 16.15 per cent over the identical time the earlier yr. Therefore, China has developed to be a big producer, client and seller of dyeing supplies, pigments and dyeing auxiliary.
China turns into high importer for Bangladesh
Throughout July-September 2005 Bangladesh imported dyes and chemical (mixed) price 3.73 billion taka ($57.5 million) from China towards 2.53 billion taka ($38.9 million) from India.
DyStar expands China facility
Not too long ago DyStar has introduced to take a position round USD 55 million in a brand new textile dyes facility at Nanjing to increase its manufacturing base in China and step up its concentrate on this key progress market. Located about 300 kilometres north-west of Shanghai, Nanjing is the capital of Jiangsu Province, a key space for textile manufacturing. Will probably be DyStar’s third manufacturing unit in China, alongside Wuxi, the place the manufacturing capability was tripled final yr, and Qingdao. This new manufacturing web site will enhance their progress in China. On the identical time it is going to strengthen their worldwide competitiveness and increase market management. This funding is a transparent signal that DyStar is continuous to spend money on its core enterprise and can stay a dependable accomplice for the textile business in the long run.
On the new manufacturing complicated in Nanjing, DyStar will produce dyes for cellulosic and artificial fibres. In-built flexibility will allow the manufacture of different dyes and extension of the infrastructure in step with necessities. Which means DyStar will be capable of reply shortly to the rising demand in China. The inauguration of the primary plant is scheduled within the first half of 2006.
Indian dyestuff business
In India the dyestuff business provides its majority of the manufacturing to the textile business. Large of quantities exports of dyes and pigments from India are additionally executed to the textile business in Europe, South East Asia and Taiwan.
At the moment, the Indian dyestuff business is totally self-dependable for producing the merchandise domestically. India presently manufactures every kind of artificial dyestuffs and intermediates and has its robust holds within the pure dyestuff market. India has come up as a worldwide provider of dyestuffs and dye intermediates, primarily for reactive, acid, vat and direct dyes. India has a share of roughly 6 per cent of the world manufacturing in dyestuff merchandise.
Construction of dyestuff business in India
The Indian dyestuff business has been in existence since about 40 years, although a couple of MNCs established dyestuff models within the pre independence period. Like the opposite chemical business, the dyestuff business can also be extensively scattered. The business is functioning by the co-existence of some producers within the organised sector (round 50 models) and numerous small producers (round 1,000 models) within the unorganised sector.
The spreading of those models is slanted in direction of the western area (Maharashtra and Gujarat) accounting to 90 per cent. In actual fact, about 80 per cent of the overall capability is within the state of Gujarat, the place there are about 750 models.
There was an enormous improvement within the dyestuff business over the past decade. This has occurred as a result of Authorities’s concessions (excise and tax concessions) to small-scale models and export alternatives generated by the closure of a number of models in international locations just like the USA and Europe (as a result of implementation of strict air pollution management norms). The responsibility concessions offered to small-scale producers had given within the massive ones turning into uncompetitive to some extent. Worth competitors was robust within the decrease segments of the market. Liberalisation of the economic system and large-scale discount of duties have given the decrement of margins for smaller producers. Closing of many small-scale models in Gujarat resulting from environmental causes has additionally helped the organised sector gamers to develop additional.
Over 600 styles of dyes and natural pigments are actually being produced in India (each by the organised and the unorganised sector). However the per-capita consumption of dyestuffs is lower than the world common. Dyes are soluble and mainly utilized textile merchandise. Pigments, however, are insoluble and are primary sources of merchandise equivalent to paints.
Throughout the previous few years, the dyestuff business was overwhelmed by a collection of quick altering upshots within the worldwide platform. The biggest marketplace for dyestuffs has been the textile business. The maintain of polyester and cotton within the international markets has positively created the demand for some sorts of dyestuffs. Moreover, the demand for polyamides, acrylics, cellulose and wool has been near stagnant. Discrepancy within the regional progress charges of textile merchandise too influences demand. The Asian area has seen the very best improvement in textile manufacturing, adopted by North America, Latin America and Western Europe. This exhibits the change within the international textile business in direction of Asia. Subsequently, Asia presents dyestuff manufacturing each when it comes to volumes and worth, with a few 42 per cent share of the worldwide manufacturing; the US is subsequent with 24 per cent and Europe has round 22 per cent. Attributable to a large use of polyester and cotton-based materials, there was a change in direction of reactive dyes, utilized in cotton-based materials, and disperses dyes utilized in polyester. These two dyes have been main in all of the three regional international market, significantly Asia. Furthermore, the change in textile software sample and regional developments is the quantity of over capability within the international dyestuff business.
Inside India, the main producers within the pigments business are Color Chem and Sudarshan Chemical substances whereas within the dyestuff business the most important gamers when it comes to market share are Atul, Clariant India, Dystar, Ciba Specialities and IDI. The Indian corporations collectively account for practically 6 per cent of the world manufacturing.
Virtually 80 per cent of the dyestuffs are commodities. Since not a lot know-how is used, copying of merchandise can also be simple as in comparison with specialties. Although within the latest previous, there have been efforts by international producers, with some achievement, to shift to the specialty finish of the product profile. Vat dyes have all the time carried out as specialty merchandise, with know-how working as an important operate. Now corporations are specializing in the upper finish of the reactive dyes phase. The inclination is now altering from supplying mere merchandise to color package deal options. Extra significance is given to innovation, manufacturing vary, high quality and environmental pleasant merchandise. Producers are collaborating with gear producers to supply built-in options slightly than merchandise.
Fiscal insurance policies and modification within the software sample of the worldwide dyestuff business have revolutionized the market shares of Indian corporations. Excise concessions for the small-scale sector within the mid and the late Nineteen Eighties generated many models in Maharashtra and Gujarat. At one level of time, there have been within the unorganised sector practically 1,000 models, with most of them located in Gujarat and Maharashtra.
Although, because the early Nineties, there was seen an ongoing decrement within the excise responsibility charges relevant to the organised sector. From 25 per cent in 1993-94, the excise responsibility charges have been decreased to twenty per cent in 1994-95, and 18 per cent in 1997-98 and additional decreased these charges to 16 per cent.
This persevering with decrement within the responsibility charges smoothened the aggressive fringe of the unorganised sector. The organised sector, with excessive product vary, know-how and advertising attain was succesful to boost its market share. However extra noteworthy modifications have gained by means of the German ban on many dyestuffs, enforced to the native air pollution management legal guidelines. Whereas the organised sector has been succesful to regulating the manufacturing of dyes based mostly on the 20 banned amines by the German laws, many within the unorganised sector have been moved out. This was amalgam by the native air pollution legal guidelines, which want to ascertain the effluent therapy vegetation, and drive out corporations within the unorganised sector.
The capability and manufacturing of dyes and dye stuff was 54,000 MT and 26,000 MT respectively within the yr 2003-04. The capability and manufacturing of dyes and dye stuff was 54,000 MT and 26,000 MT correspondingly within the yr 2003-04. The small scale models supply main share in dyestuff manufacturing whereas massive models focus producing dyestuff intermediates.
Disperse and Reactive dyes symbolize the best product segments within the nation protecting about 45 per cent of dyestuff consumption. Within the coming time, each these segments will lead the dyestuff market with disperse dyes presumably to have the best contribution adopted by reactive dyes. These two segments will maintain a biggest share as a way to lead textile and artificial fibers in dyestuff consumption. Vat phase can also be projected to show wholesome progress in future.
Exports and Import of Dyestuffs
Within the yr 2004-2005 the exports of dyestuff business has touched 1109 million US greenback. Exports of dyestuffs within the yr 2000-01 reached to about Rs. 2365 crores and accounted to about 5 per cent of the overall world commerce of dyestuffs. The primary markets for Indian dyestuffs are the European Union, U.S.A., Indonesia, Hong Kong, South Korea and Egypt. The next desk offers information export and import of dyestuff throughout previous few years.
The know-how for dyestuff manufacturing modifications largely from comparatively easy (direct azo) to classy (disperse and vat) dyes. Although know-how is domestically obtainable, most of it’s out dated. The setback is additional compounded by the truth that the character of the method differs from batch to batch and, therefore, managing the method parameters turns into complicated.
The dyestuff business is without doubt one of the largely polluting industries and this has result in them closing down internationally or altering the models to the rising economies. Majority of the worldwide producers have shifted the know-how to growing nations like China, India, Indonesia, Korea, Taiwan and Thailand. This shift of producing capacities is as a result of the business is meant to work as a high-cost and low return one. The batch processing additionally formulates it to a labour- intensive business. Therefore, the competitiveness of growing economies will get a boosts.
Although, previously decade the Indian business has made appreciable improvement when it comes to know-how and manufacturing.
Restructuring of the Indian dyestuff business which began a few years in the past continues to be in progress. The motion was initiated by the market chief Color-Chem Ltd. It has additionally come right into a toll manufacturing settlement with Dystar India Ltd. There have been different preparations, which might give enhancing capability utilisation at manufacturing amenities and likewise to have higher publicity of export markets.
Ciba India and IDI have signed a deal to market polyester and cellulose dyes. IDI has additionally began work with Ciba for the manufacturing and advertising of dyes and pigments. Atul merchandise has obtained the acquisition of Zeneca’s 50 per cent stake in Atic Industries Ltd and began work with BAS, Germany to market 50 per cent of its manufacturing of vat dyes.